Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
A. Introduce claim(s) and organize the reasons and evidence clearly.
B. Support claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant evidence, using credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text.
C. Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons.
D. Establish and maintain a formal style.
E. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows the argument presented.
During November and December, we are also going to be working on learning rules to help better understand how to use commas. These rules (with examples) are as follows:
Items in a series
Adam, Robert, Bill, and many other people hold paintball wars.
2. Two or more equal adjectives before a noun
The warm, muggy day was miserable.
3. Conjunction in a compound sentence
Jimmy bought an old clunker, but Robert bought a new ¾ ton.
4. Nonessential adjective clauses/nonessential participial phrases
Robert, who ran toward the bushes, slipped and fell.
Robert, running toward the bushes, slipped and fell.
5. Oh, Yes, No, Well, and Why starting a sentence
Oh, I forgot.
6. Introductory participial phrases
Returning to the game, Robert made a slam dunk.
7. Series of introductory prepositional phrases
In the back of the pickup, we keep our tools.
8. Introductory adverb clause
When Brent learns these rules, he will pass the class.
9. Appositives and appositive phrases
Brent, a brilliant student, made all A’s.
10. Noun in direct address
Jason, will you help me?
11. Parenthetic expressions.
Matt, however, never learns anything.
12. Dates and Addresses
I was born on July 3, 1958, in Harrison, AR 72601.
13. Closings and greetings in a friendly letter
Dear Melinda, Forever yours,
14. Titles and Degrees
John Doe, D.V.M., works on dogs.
15. Contrasting expressions
Jason, not Adam, flunked English.
16. Echo Question
You are here, aren’t you?
17. Adjectives in appositive position
Mike, harsh and dangerous, is not someone you want to meet.
18. Direct Quotation
Adam said, “Don’t do that.”